Due to its beauty and fragrance, the medieval Frankish king, Charlemagne, had lemon balm planted in every monastery garden. Add to tea, use as a cooking herb to impart lemony flavor, or enjoy its aromatherapeutic qualities in a relaxing bath. Used by herbalists for insomnia and to soothe upset stomachs. A good container variety.
• Botanical Name: Melissa officinalis
• Family: Lamiaceae
• Native: Mediterranean region and Asia
• Hardiness: Perennial, USDA zones 3–7
• Plant Dimensions: 18"–24" tall, 24"–36" wide
• Variety Information: Lemon balm has crinkled, oval leaves with serrated edges and square stems. The leaves have a lemony mint flavor and fragrance. Small white flowers bloom from mid- to late summer.
• Attributes: Attracts Pollinators, Deer Resistant, Drought Tolerant, Good for Containers
• When to Sow Outside: 1 to 2 weeks after your average last frost date, or up to 2 months before your average first fall frost date. Optimal soil temperature for germination is 65°–75°F.
• When to Start Inside: 6 to 8 weeks before average last frost.
• Days to Emerge: 10–15 days
• Seed Depth: Press into surface
• Seed Spacing: A group of 4 seeds every 18"
• Row Spacing: Plant in blocks, groups, or pots
• Thinning: When 1" tall, thin to 1 every 18"