Both tasty and attractive, this 1800s French heirloom also known as Merveille de Quatre Saisons has tender, sweet leaves that are green at the base, turning to a beautiful cranberry-red, and forming a crinkly rosette that almost looks like a flower! If kept moist, it won't turn bitter when heat arrives. Rosettes are 8"–12" in diameter, good for large containers.
• Botanical Name: Lactuca sativa
• Days to Maturity: 55 days
• Family: Asteraceae
• Native: Unknown; lettuce has been in cultivation for a long time.
• Hardiness: Frost-tolerant annual
• Plant Dimensions: 8"–12" wide, 6"–8" tall
• Variety Information: 'Marvel of Four Seasons' is also known by the original French name, Merveille de Quatre Saisons. Large, crinkled leaves in a loose rosette are green at the base turning to cranberry-red; tender and sweet.
• When to Sow Outside: RECOMMENDED. 2 to 4 weeks before your average last frost date, and when soil temperature is at least 40°F, ideally 60°–70°F. Successive Sowings: Every 3 weeks until 4 to 6 weeks before your average first fall frost date. Mild Climates: Sow in fall and winter for cool season harvests.
• When to Start Inside: 4 to 6 weeks before your average last frost date, and in summer when soil temperatures are too warm (above 80°F) to germinate lettuce seed.
• Days to Emerge: 5–10 days
• Seed Depth: Surface to ⅛"
• Seed Spacing: A group of 3 seeds every 6"
• Row Spacing: 16"
• Thinning: When ½" tall, thin to 1 every 6"
• Harvesting: Harvest in the morning, by cutting off at ground level. If regrowth is desired, cut the leaves higher, at 2". For a continual supply, outer, individual leaves can be harvested at any stage of maturity, but leave at least half of the plant for regrowth.