This giant among sunflowers is a fast grower whose single stalk can reach 12' tall and produces one 10"-12" flower! Not fussy about soil, it's very easy to grow and drought tolerant. Grow in a tight row to make an attractive screen. Sow monthly for continual bloom into fall. Edible, gray-striped seeds invite birds in the fall (if you don't eat the seeds first!).
• Botanical Name: Helianthus annuus
• Family: Asteraceae
• Native: North America
• Hardiness: Annual
• Plant Dimensions: 6'–12' tall
• Variety Information: Up to 12"-wide flowers with yellow petals and a brown center. Single type.
• Exposure: Full sun
• Bloom Period: Summer to frost
• Attributes: Attracts Pollinators, Cut Flower, Drought Tolerant, Heat Tolerant
• When to Sow Outside: RECOMMENDED. 1 to 2 weeks after your average last frost date.
• When to Start Inside: 2 to 4 weeks before your average last frost date. Sunflowers are senstive to root disturbance; sow in biodegradable pots that can be planted directly in the ground.
• Days to Emerge: 10–15 days
• Seed Depth: ¼"–½"
• Seed Spacing: A group of 3 seeds every 24"
• Thinning: When 3" tall, thin to 1 every 24"
• Harvesting: Seeds are ready to harvest when the back of the head has dried and turned brown, about 4 weeks after the flowers have been pollinated. Petals will have wilted and fallen off, and the seeds will be plump, and colored white with gray/black stripes. Seeds ripen around the outside of the flower first; the ones in the center will ripen last. Average yield is approximately 1 pound per head.