Nothing is as charming as a patch of Johnny-Jump-Ups poking their heads above the snow. Although violas are perennial, they are often grown like annuals because they do not perform well in an extended period of heat. USDA zones 4-8 can reliably plant violas as perennials. Other areas may want to use them as cool-season annuals. Violas will return in all zones by reseeding. Edible flowers are charming on salads and desserts.
• Botanical Name: Viola tricolor
• Family: Violaceae
• Native: Asia and Europe
• Hardiness: Perennial in USDA zones 4–8; often grown as an annual. If grown under optimum conditions, and regular attention given to proper deadheading and pruning, violas will last year after year. Reseeds readily. Very frost tolerant and can even be seen blooming in snow.
• Plant Dimensions: 4"–12" tall and wide
• Variety Information: ¾" purple and yellow flowers
• Exposure: Full sun to part shade
• Bloom Period: Bloom heaviest in cool weather
• Attributes: Deer Resistant, Edible Flower, Good for Containers
• When to Sow Outside: RECOMMENDED. Cold Climates: 4 to 6 weeks before your average last frost date, or in midsummer for fall and the following spring bloom. Mild Climates: Late summer for cool–season bloom.
• When to Start Inside: 8 to 10 weeks before your average last frost date for early spring planting, and midsummer for fall planting in both mild and cold climates.
• Days to Emerge: 7–20 days
• Seed Depth: ⅛"
• Seed Spacing: A group of 3 seeds every 4"–6"
• Thinning: When ½"–1" tall, thin to 1 every 4"–6"